AR 6174 - EDUCATION FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS
Instruction > Administrative Regulation 6174 - Education for English Language Learners
English learner, also known as a limited English proficient student, means a student who does not speak English or whose native language is not English and who is not currently able to perform ordinary classroom work in English. (Education Code 306)
Long-term English learner means an English learner who is enrolled in grades 6-12, has been enrolled in schools in the United States for more than six years, has remained at the same English language proficiency level for two or more consecutive years as determined by the California English Language Development Test (CELDT) or any successor test, and scores far below basic or below basic on the English language arts test of the California Standards Tests or any successor test. (Education Code 313.1)
English learner at risk of becoming a long-term English learner means an English learner who is enrolled in grades 5-11 in the United States for four years, scores at the intermediate level or below on the CELDT or any successor test, and scores in the fourth year at the below basic or far below basic level on the English language arts test of the California Standards Tests or any successor test. (Education Code 313.1)
English language classroom means a classroom in which the language of instruction used by the teaching personnel is overwhelmingly the English language, and in which such teaching personnel possess a good knowledge of the English language. (Education Code 306)
English language mainstream classroom means a classroom in which the students either are native English language speakers or already have acquired reasonable fluency in English. (Education Code 306)
Sheltered English immersion or structured English immersion means an English language acquisition process in which nearly all classroom instruction is in English but with the curriculum and presentation designed for students who are learning the language. (Education Code 306)
Bilingual education/native language instruction means a language acquisition process for students in which much or all instruction, textbooks, and teaching materials are in the student's native language. (Education Code 306)
Identification and Assessment
Upon enrollment in the district, each student's primary language shall be determined through use of a home language survey. (5 CCR 11307)
Any student who is identified as having a primary language other than English as determined by the home language survey, and who has not been previously identified as an English learner by a California public school or for whom there is no record of results from an administration of an English language proficiency test, shall be assessed for English proficiency using the CELDT. The test shall be administered between 60 calendar days before the date of first enrollment in a district school and 30 calendar days after the date of first enrollment, but not before July 1 of that school year. (5 CCR 11511)
The CELDT shall be administered in accordance with 5 CCR 11511-11516.7.
Variations and accommodations in test administration may be provided pursuant to 5 CCR 11516-11516.7. Any student with a disability shall be allowed to take the CELDT with those accommodations for testing that the student has regularly used during instruction and classroom assessment as delineated in the student's individualized education program (IEP) or Section 504 plan that are appropriate and necessary to address the student's individual needs. If he/she is unable to participate in the assessment or a portion of the assessment with such accommodations, he/she shall be administered an alternate assessment for English language proficiency as set forth in his/her IEP. (5 CCR 11516-11516.7)
The district shall notify parents/guardians of their child's results on the CELDT within 30 calendar days following receipt of the results from the test contractor. (5 CCR 11511.5)
At the beginning of each school year, parents/guardians shall be informed of the placement of their child in a structured English immersion program and shall be notified of an opportunity to apply for a parental exception waiver. (Education Code 310; 5 CCR 11309)
Not later than 30 calendar days after the beginning of the school year, each parent/guardian of a student participating in, or identified for participation in, a language instruction program supported by federal Title III funds shall receive notification of the assessment of his/her child's English proficiency. The notice shall include all of the following: (Education Code 440; 20 USC 7012)
The reason for the student's classification as an English learner
The level of English proficiency
A description of the program for English language development instruction, including a description of all of the following:
The manner in which the program will meet the educational strengths and needs of the student
The manner in which the program will help the student develop his/her English proficiency and meet age-appropriate academic standards
The specific exit requirements for the program, the expected rate of transition from the program into classrooms not tailored for English learners, and the expected rate of graduation from secondary school if applicable
Where the student has been identified for special education, the manner in which the program meets the requirements of the student's IEP
Information regarding a parent/guardian's option to decline to allow the student to be enrolled in the program or to choose to allow the student to be enrolled in an alternative program
Information designed to assist a parent/guardian in selecting among available programs, if more than one program is offered
Parental Exception Waivers
A parent/guardian may, by personally visiting the school, request that the district waive the requirements pertaining to the placement of his/her child in a structured English immersion program if one of the following circumstances exists: (Education Code 310-311)
The student already possesses good English language skills, as measured by standardized tests of English vocabulary comprehension, reading, and writing, in which the student scores at or above the state average for his/her grade level or at or above the fifth-grade average, whichever is lower.
The student is age 10 years or older, and it is the informed belief of the principal and educational staff that an alternate course of study would be better suited to the student's rapid acquisition of basic English skills.
The student already has been placed, for a period of not less than 30 calendar days during that school year, in an English language classroom and it is subsequently the informed belief of the principal and educational staff that the student has special physical, emotional, psychological, or educational needs and that an alternate course of educational study would be better suited to the student's overall educational development.
Upon request for a waiver, the Superintendent or designee shall provide parents/guardians with a full written description and, upon request, a spoken description of the intent and content of the structured English immersion program, any alternative courses of study, all educational opportunities offered by the district and available to the student, and the educational materials to be used in the different educational program choices. For a request for waiver pursuant to item #3 above, the Superintendent or designee shall notify the parent/guardian that the student must be placed for a period of not less than 30 calendar days in an English language classroom and that the waiver must be approved by the Superintendent pursuant to any guidelines established by the Governing Board. (Education Code 310, 311; 5 CCR 11309)
The principal and educational staff may recommend a waiver to a parent/guardian pursuant to item #2 or #3 above. Parents/guardians shall be informed in writing of any recommendation for an alternative program made by the principal and staff and shall be given notice of their right to refuse to accept the recommendation. The notice shall include a full description of the recommended alternative program and the educational materials to be used for the alternative program as well as a description of all other programs available to the student. If the parent/guardian elects to request the alternative program recommended by the principal and educational staff, the parent/guardian shall comply with district procedures and requirements otherwise applicable to a parental exception waiver, including Education Code 310. (Education Code 311; 5 CCR 11309)
When evaluating waiver requests pursuant to item #1 above and other waiver requests for those students for whom standardized assessment data are not available, other equivalent assessment measures may be used. These equivalent measures may include district standards and assessment and teacher evaluations of such students.
Parental exception waivers pursuant to item #2 above shall be granted if it is the informed belief of the principal and educational staff that an alternate course of educational study would be better suited to the student's rapid acquisition of basic English language skills. (Education Code 311)
Parental exception waivers pursuant to item #3 above shall be granted by the Superintendent if it is the informed belief of the principal and educational staff that, due to the student's special physical, emotional, psychological, or educational needs, an alternate course of educational study would be better suited to the student's overall educational development. (Education Code 311)
All parental exception waivers shall be acted upon within 20 instructional days of submission to the principal. However, parental waiver requests pursuant to item #3 above shall not be acted upon during the 30-day placement in an English language classroom. Such waivers shall be acted upon no later than 10 calendar days after the expiration of that 30-day English language classroom placement or within 20 instructional days of submission of the waiver to the principal, whichever is later. (5 CCR 11309)
Any individual school in which 20 students or more of a given grade level receive a waiver shall offer an alternative class where the students are taught English and other subjects through bilingual education techniques or other generally recognized educational methodologies permitted by law. Otherwise, the students shall be allowed to transfer to a public school in which such a class is offered. (Education Code 310)
In cases where a parental exception waiver pursuant to item #2 or #3 above is denied, the parent/guardian shall be informed in writing of the reason(s) for the denial and advised that he/she may appeal the decision to the Board if the Board authorizes such an appeal, or to the court. (5 CCR 11309)
Waiver requests shall be renewed annually by the parent/guardian. (Education Code 310)
The district shall continue to provide additional and appropriate educational services to English learners for the purposes of overcoming language barriers until they: (5 CCR 11302)
Demonstrate English language proficiency comparable to that of the district's average native English language speakers
Recoup any academic deficits which may have been incurred in other areas of the core curriculum as a result of language barriers
English learners shall be reclassified as fluent English proficient when they are able to comprehend, speak, read, and write English well enough to receive instruction in an English language classroom and make academic progress at a level substantially equivalent to that of students of the same age or grade whose primary language is English and who are in the regular course of study. (Education Code 52164.6)
The following measures shall be used to determine whether an English learner shall be reclassified as fluent English proficient: (Education Code 313; 5 CCR 11303)
Assessment of English language proficiency using an objective assessment instrument, including, but not limited to, the CELDT.
Participation of the student's classroom teacher and any other certificated staff with direct responsibility for teaching or placement decisions related to the student.
Parent/guardian opinion and consultation. The Superintendent or designee shall provide the parent/guardian with notice and a description of the reclassification process and of his/her opportunity to participate in the process and shall encourage his/her involvement in the process.
Student performance on a statewide assessment of basic skills in English.
The Superintendent or designee shall monitor the progress of reclassified students to ensure their correct classification and placement. (5 CCR 11304)
Students shall be monitored for at least two years following their reclassification. As part of this evaluation, the Superintendent or designee shall identify whether the student needs any additional academic support to ensure his/her language and academic success.
At the district level when there are more than 50 English learners in the district and at each school with more than 20 English learners, parent/guardian advisory committees shall be maintained to serve the advisory functions specified in law. (5 CCR 11308)
Parents/guardians of English learners shall constitute committee membership in at least the same percentage as their children represent of the total number of students in the school. (Education Code 52176)
The district's English language advisory committee shall advise the Board on at least the following tasks: (5 CCR 11308)
The development of a district master plan of education programs and services for English learners, taking into consideration the school site plans for English learners
The districtwide needs assessment on a school-by-school basis
Establishment of a district program, goals, and objectives for programs and services for English learners
Development of a plan to ensure compliance with applicable teacher or aide requirements
Administration of the annual language census
Review of and comment on the district's reclassification procedures
Review of and comment on the written notification required to be sent to parents/guardians pursuant to 5 CCR 11300-11316
In order to assist advisory members in carrying out their responsibilities, the Superintendent or designee shall ensure that committee members receive appropriate training and materials. This training shall be planned in full consultation with the members. (5 CCR 11308)
Board approved: September 12, 2013, November 13, 2014
Revised: October 9, 2014
Regulation approved: March 21, 2013
Evergreen School District, San Jose, California